Archive for October 2nd, 2009

French Delights – Paris’s Tramway line 1 & Line 2

October 2, 2009

In 1992 trams (LRT) returned to Paris, after their abandonment in 1938. The new tram line, Line T1  ran from La Courneuve to Bobigny and was extended few months later to Gare St. Denis. So successful was line T-1, that it tripled the ridership of the bus route it replaced. In 1997, after the success of the new tramway, Line T2 opened, running from Issy Val de Seine-La Defense and runs on the former track of a local regional electric railway, with electric hauled passenger cars replaced by trams.

 In 2003 T1 (which route lies in the north-eastern part of the city) was extended 3 km east to Noisy-le-Sec . Line T1 interchanges with local railways (RER) at Gare St. Denis, Noisy-le-Sec, and with 3 metro lines at Bobigny, Corneuve and Basilique St. Denis. Further extensions are planned: a western extension from Saint Denis to Asnières and Gennevilliers, southern extension from Noisy-le-Sec to Montreuil and Val de Fontenay RER station.

 Line T2 (which route runs south-west) interchanges with local railways at Issy Val de Seine and La Defense, and with one of the metro lines at La Defense. Two extensions are in advanced planning phase: eastern extension from Issy Val de Seine to Porte de Versailles (transfer point to and from metro L12, tram T3), northern extension from La Defense to Bezons. 

What is interesting is that both lines that they cost about CAD $16 million per km. to build and combined, carry over 50 million passengers annually.

T1

Country France
Line T1
Inhabitants City 2.150.000, District 11.175.000
Date opening 1992
Future development: western extension (2011) from Saint Denis to Asnières, Gennevilliers and Ile-Saint-Denis; eastern extension (2013) from Noisy-le-Sec to Montreuil and Val de Fontenay RER station
Length (km) 11
Track sections ground level mostly in reserved lanes
Stops 26, average distance m 450
Platforms heigth 35 cm
Platform doors
General characteristics
n. of vehicles 35
n. of cars per vehicle 3
Type steel wheels, bi-directional
Vehicle dimensions (m) length 29.4; width 2.30
Vehicle capacity (pax) 178 (52 seated)
Frequency 5’/8′
Current/Voltage 750 V DC overhead
Type of guide/gauge standard gauge rails (1435 mm)
Speed Km/h Comm 24, Max —
Accel./Decel. (m/sec2)  
System capacity
Ridership 30 millions pax/year
Total cost 10 M Euro/km
Staff
System builder ALSTOM
Model TFS
NOTE construction phases: Gras St. Denis-Bobigny Picasso (1992); Bobigny-Noisy-le-Sec (2003)

T-2

Line T2

Country France
Line T2
Inhabitants City 2.150.000, District 11.175.000
Date opening 1997
Future development: eastern extension (2009) Issy Val de Seine-Porte de Versailles (transfer point to and from metro L12, tram T3); northern extension (2011) La Defense-Bezons
Length (km) 11.3
Track sections ground level mostly in reserved lanes
Stops 13, average distance m 950
Platforms heigth 35 cm
Platform doors
General characteristics
n. of vehicles 26
n. of cars per vehicle 5
Type steel wheels, bi-directional
Vehicle dimensions (m) length 32.2; width 2.40
Vehicle capacity (pax) 231 (48 seated)
Frequency 5’/8′
Current/Voltage 750 V DC overhead
Type of guide/gauge standard gauge rails (1435 mm)
Speed Km/h Comm 24, Max —
Accel./Decel. (m/sec2)  
System capacity
Ridership 20 millions pax/year
Total cost 10 M Euro/km
Staff
System builder ALSTOM
Model Citadis
NOTE further 34 Alstom Citadis trams for the future extensions (16 for Issy Val de Seine-Porte de Versailles, 18 for La Defen
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